How To Do A Wooden Floor Stain
If you want to give your hardwood floors a new look, you might consider a wooden floor stain. Staining can enhance the natural beauty of the wood, change its colour, or hide some imperfections. However, staining is not a simple task and requires some preparation and patience. Here are some steps to follow if you want to stain your hardwood floors by yourself.
1. Sand the floor. The first step to staining your floor is to sand it. This removes unsightly scratches and gives you a smooth surface for staining. You can use a belt sander or an orbital sander, depending on the size and condition of your floor. Start with a coarse-grit sandpaper and work your way up to a fine-grit one. Make sure to sand along the direction of the wood grain and cover the entire floor evenly. Vacuum the floor thoroughly after sanding to remove any dust.
2. Raise the grain. Next, use a method called “water popping” to raise the grain on your floor and help it accept the stain better. This involves dampening the floor with a wet cloth or a spray bottle and letting it dry for a few hours. The water will cause the wood fibres to swell up and open the pores of the wood.
3. Apply the stain. Choose a stain that matches your desired colour and finish. You can use oil-based or water-based stains, but keep in mind that oil-based stains are more durable and take longer to dry, while water-based stains are eco-friendlier and dry faster. You will also need some brushes, rags, gloves, and a respirator mask for this step. Start in one corner of the room and work your way across in sections. Brush the stain along the edges of the floor first, then use a rag to apply it to the rest of the area. Wipe off any excess stain with another rag before it dries. Make sure to follow the instructions on the stain container and apply it evenly and consistently.
4. Let it dry. Depending on the type of stain you used, it may take from a few hours to a few days for it to dry completely. Avoid walking on or touching the floor during this time. You can also use a fan or a dehumidifier to speed up the drying process.
5. Apply a top coat. The final step is to apply a protective topcoat over your stained floor. This will seal in the colour and add some shine and durability to your floor. You can choose from different types of topcoats, such as polyurethane, varnish, or wax. Follow the instructions on the product label and apply it with a brush or a roller in thin and even coats. Let each coat dry before applying another one, and lightly sand between coats for a smooth finish.
Congratulations! You have successfully stained your hardwood floors and given them a new look.
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If you are interested in having your wooden floors sanded or refinished then give us a call today. We can give advice or a quote for your floorboards.